May 22nd, 2014

Which museums often visited by tourists?

Recently on site TripAdvisor.com see a list of the 10 most popular museums in the world. According to data published on the site, the first place is the Louvre museum – Musee du Louvre – which is located in Paris (France). However, the Louvre Museum has over the past two centuries. Until then, he was first a medieval fortress, and then the palace of the Kings of France. A palace appeared 800 years ago (this is evidenced architecture of the palace). So widely famous Louvre acquired thanks to its rich collection of various exhibits (including exhibits dating from the period of the birth of ancient civilizations). Beyond the walls of the museum can be found reliefs of the Assyrian palaces, Egyptian art and much more. In addition, in 1989 the collection has added glass pyramid designed by American architect Bei Yuming. It all began November 8, 1793 At this time, marking the French Revolution, were first opened the door of the museum. At the moment, just 13 Euro you can buy a ticket to visit both permanent and temporary exhibitions, as well as the museum Delacroix. And for added convenience, and to save time, the organizers began distributing tickets through the site and the museum on the map.

In second place are the largest museums in the world (Musei Vaticani), comprising a set of unique buildings and most valuable collections of art by Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and of course the famous Sistine Chapel. And are these museums are definitely in Italy (Rome, Vatican City). However, several museums in particular stand out among the museums and galleries of the Vatican. These include the Museum of Egyptian Art, the Museum of Etruscan art, Gregorian Museum, Pio Clementino Museum (Museum of Christian Art, 1771-1793 gg.), The Museum of Church Art ("Museo Sacro"), the Museum of secular art (a "museum of the profane") Museum Chiaramonti (1806-1810 gg.), Ethnological Missionary Museum and the Museum of the Lateran Palace. A unique work of Italian painting XI-XVII century. collected in the 15 halls of the Vatican Pinacoteca, a building which is located in the Vatican gardens. Ticket price also is 13 euros. A little more expensive (14.20 Euro) will cost visit the Coliseum. However, the cost increases slightly during the exhibitions. Day off – Sunday.

Closes the three leaders of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, USA – Metropolitan Museum of Art. The collection consists of works of Western European and American artists, the monuments of art culture of the peoples of Asia, Africa, the Middle and Far East. It should also be noted that there is a not only painting (Picasso), sculpture and graphics, but also arts and crafts. As for the history of the Metropolitan Museum, it is relatively short. The idea of creating belongs to a group of American artists and public figures, among them members of the Historical Society, a professor of the Academy of painting and the business community. Entrance to the museum will cost $ 20. Museum works six days a week. Day off – Monday.

In fourth place is the Getty Museum, which since December 1997 is located in Los Angeles, United States (J. Paul Getty Museum) in a modern building of the Getty Center, the construction of which cost $ 1.2 billion. After visiting the museum, you can see the unique collection, including works by Van Gogh, Monet and Cezanne, and completely free. Founded the museum oil magnate J. Paul Getty (1892-1976), who was at the time of death, the richest man in the world.

Fifth place is occupied by the Orsay Museum – Musee d'Orsay – located in Paris (France). We are talking about the Museum of Fine and Applied Arts in Paris, which is stored in the walls of one of the largest collections of sculpture and painting in the period 1848-1914 year. The collection consists mainly of works by famous Impressionists and Post-Impressionists. In a historic building turned into a monument in 1978 and a few years later (1986) it was a museum, which was designed by the same architect Gae Aulenti from Italy. Here, just as in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a day – Monday. And the price of the ticket is 8. In addition, this card will give you the opportunity to visit the building of the Paris National Opera (but within one week after a visit to the Muse d'Orsay).

Italian Uffizi Gallery and Galleria degli Uffizi (which translates as "gallery Offices") takes pride in sixth place. In fact, this is not a gallery, a palace located in Florence (Italy). The foundation relate to the period from 1560 to 1581. To date, the Uffizi Gallery is one of the largest museums of European art. It should also be noted that, even after the sunset of the Medici dynasty, the Uffizi collection continued to grow. And today in the archive, it has a huge number of works of art major Italian artists. For example, the work of artists such as Piero della Francesca, Titian, Raphael, Giotto, Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli and many others.

Seventh place belongs to the museum of Illinois Institute of Art (Art Institute of Chicago), which is located in Chicago (USA) and is one of the most decent art museums. More than 300 000 exhibits, from classic French painting to an extensive collection of contemporary fine arts exhibition includes a collection of the museum. In addition, the museum is still a school and the arts.

In ninth place is the Tate Modern (Tate Modern), which was opened in London (UK) in May 2000. History of the museum is amazing. The fact that the building of a modern museum at the time was converted from the power plant, built in 1930 in the city center opposite the Cathedral of St.. Paul. However, architects, retaining the appearance of power, completely changed the building inside and added a roof made of glass and steel. To date, the Tate is also unique in that departed from the traditional placement of the works in chronological order. A contemporary collection consists of four large sections: "Still, the subject, the real life", "Landscape and Environment", "Historical painting", "Nude, the action of the body." Moreover, the authors of the exhibition skillfully connect different areas: the old masters to modern art and sculpture with photographs and videos. The gallery also hosts many temporary exhibitions of contemporary artists. With the exception of some isolated places, admission to the museum is free.

One of the most famous art museums of the fine arts in Europe is the Prado Museum in Madrid (Spain). It is he who is ranked 9th in the ranking of the most popular museums in the world. Each year the museum is visited by about 2 million tourists. As for the collection, then today it has more than 8000 pictures. However, access is only possible visitors to 2,000 jobs. In addition to paintings, the museum's collection includes more than 400 classical sculptures, as well as numerous jewelry. And this, despite the fact that the original museum was conceived as an exhibition of works by Spanish artists. Only 6 Euros will have to pay a person wishing to visit the museum. But on Sunday, the entrance to the museum is free. Day off – Monday.

And closes the top ten of the National Gallery of Washington (USA). Gallery's collection consists of paintings, sculptures and engravings from the Middle Ages to the present day. Plus, since 2003, on land belonging gallery, opened a skating rink. Entrance to the rink is $ 6, skate rental will cost an additional 2.5 dollars.