September 4th, 2014

Venice rising from the sea foam

Capital of the Italian province of Veneto, based around the V century. The largest port on the Adriatic. The only city that has preserved almost intact its medieval appearance. More than just Venice is famous for being built on the islands, it is literally "grows" out of the water. The whole city is one big open-air museum. According to statistics, one local resident for about 170 tourists.

Venice – a city whose name has become a household name. When they want to emphasize the beauty and uniqueness of a place, stretching along the banks of the river, sea or other water surface, said: "This is our Venice!". For example, Saint Petersburg is often called the "Venice of the North." What kind of place is that inspired more than one painter, musician, poet? After meeting him Boris Pasternak wrote: "I happen to know that you can day after day to go on dates with a piece of built-up space as a living person."

Venice is made up of the island and the shore (Mestre) parts. Actually part of the island and is the city, the rest – the application and complement it. "Terra Farm" (Mainland) located at a distance of 4 km. Mestre was incorporated only in 1926. Since the mid-XIX century. connections between them not only by water. In 1846, a railway bridge was built with two tracks, and in the early 30-ies of XX century. it added more and automobile.

The historic city center is located on 118 islands that connect almost 400 bridges and bridges. Main street, or rather, the channel divides it into two unequal parts. Grand Canal, or Kanalatstso, resembles the shape of a Latin letter S. Its depth ranges from 5 to 5.5 m, width – from 30 to 70 m Overcoming 3 thousand 800 meters, he falls into the canal of St. Mark.

Get anywhere in Venice is mainly through water transport. It is based on the boat. The most popular is spacious and leisurely water bus "vaporetto", running since 1881. Speed around the city is very limited – not to destroy the embankments. Besides the generally accepted rules of behavior in the transport of Venice decided to concede the place and even the clergy. 160 channels and kanalchikov serve you a kind of roads. Sometimes they are so narrow that, standing in the boat, you'll be able to touch your hands to the houses on either side of her. In such places, move only on the historical mode of transport – a gondola, very distinctive odnoveselnoy boat. Its length is 11 m, width – 1 m 40 cm, weight – about 600 kg.

Who was the inventor of the gondola, and remains a mystery. We only know that the first time she appeared at the end of the XIII century. Gondola bit skewed, since its left side is wider on the right 24 cm, which allows it to always be in a slightly inclined position. The boat was collected manually from separate parts 280, while eight kinds of wood are used. All Venetian gondolas strictly black. Once they were colored, but during the next plague, when the funeral was not enough boats, they were painted black. So this color and preserved. Gondolier can only native Italian. He must have a state license, be able to swim and know the main European languages. In Venice, about 70 families are engaged in this honorable and very profitable business – because the gondola is intended primarily to serve tourists.

Numbering of houses in Venice is not calculated on the streets and on the islands. And she carried in arithmetical order, four-rooms themselves. Sidewalks are very few, and those that are extremely narrow and tortuous. They connect with each other or the various "courts" (courtyards with single entry) or "Campi" or "kampielli" (respectively large and small sites). Local home unusually light, it is very important to consider their pressure on the ground. All internal partitions have wooden and beautiful exterior finish – from limestone. In this building can reach six floors, the lower were formerly warehouses, in the upper – settled residents. The most interesting of the buildings – this palazzo, the former palaces of the local aristocracy. Most impressive are located along the Grand Canal. Despite the fact that the city has retained its medieval appearance, Venetian palaces do not look like a fortress. They are just as light and delicate as all that is here. Their walls are not protected, and the skill of diplomats and power fleet.

Undeniable historical and cultural value and are a bridge in Venice. It's not just connecting threads between space and time, but also works of art. The most famous of them – the main bridge of the Grand Canal – Rialto, the first stone bridge