November 30th, 2013

The most dangerous inhabitants of the Black Sea

Black Sea. Who, tired of the everyday worries, monotony of work, would not want to soak it in warm and gentle waves, enjoy its dazzling beauty, and maybe even see for its inhabitants? But dreams carried away in the warm rolling or translating them into reality, we should not forget about the dangers lying in wait for us. As far as the Black Sea, there are only a few inhabitants, which can pose a serious danger to humans.

For example, a threat to your life can bring a meeting with several species of fish and jellyfish. Kind of flat umbrella diameter of 10 – 20 cm, the edges of which are numerous threadlike tentacles, jellyfish Aurelia has. Besides her, also found larger jellyfish diameter dome to 40 – 50 cm, which departs 8 large processes – it Rhizostoma. What is the danger? The fact that the tentacles of jellyfish are equipped with so-called stinging cells, the touch of which the person receives a burn as from nettles, traces of which are stored on the body for several hours. The most painful burns occur when the mucous tissue. In the coastal waters of Crimea is the most frequent Rhizostoma. Especially a lot of these jellyfish observed in August. Apart from them, is a great danger and sea urchin. In appearance – is brownish-brown fish. Favorite places his promises are predominantly rocky bottom and rocks. On average in size it reaches 10 to 20 cm Danger rays represent eleven front, back, abdominal and three one anal fins, which have poisonous glands that produce the toxin. Typically, this fish lives on the bottom at a depth of several meters or in crevices. From it, they say, it turns out a good ear. This is not surprising, since the marine ruff slow-moving, and thus represents a good target to target. Thus he has no one else attacks. But, going on underwater hunting, you must always remember that you should not touch the spiny fins and spikes, located on the back of the fish. Prick them brings though short-lived, but quite painful. The poison may have a fever. The most toxic venom of sea perch in early spring.
However, according to experts, the most to be feared rather small fish called weeverfish, also called sea scorpion, snake. In appearance – is a brownish-yellow fish, something like a bull. In length it reaches only 35 cm Danger partly lies in its small size and the fact that the fish prefer to live at the bottom. And very often avoid meeting her is not possible, since she loves to dig in the mud, becoming invisible to others. Thorns is the first dorsal fin, is also on the spine on each gill cover. At the base of thorns – poisonous glands. The consequences of failure may be different. It all depends on the depth of injection and quantity of fish. The most characteristic symptoms of poisoning: there is a sharp pain, increasing to a maximum of half an hour. In the area of injections skin swells up, and sometimes it can get to the tissue necrosis. Soon there are general symptoms of poisoning: headache, pain in the heart, disturbed breathing, paralysis of limbs, loss of speech. In the most severe cases, death occurs. But it is only in rare cases. Basically, the pain lasts up to days, swelling up to ten days, and a general malaise about a month.
Another contender for the title of the most dangerous inhabitants of the Black Sea – are stingrays (sea cat), which has the shape of a flat rhombus up to 80 cm and a long thin tail, equipped with a sharp serrated venomous spine (sometimes two or three). But who really dangerous! He also, like Drake, loves shallow water. From prying eyes he escapes that buries itself in the sand. That's where the danger lies, as bathers often take it for flounder and try to catch. If you grab the hand hvostokolov or accidentally step on it, then you know that in an emergency ramp lightning strikes with horny tail barb at the end of the wound and injects the strongest poison. Then the man starts to feel the pain increases rapidly, which after 5-10 min becomes unbearable. Local phenomena (swelling, redness) are accompanied by syncope, dizziness, cardiac abnormalities, and even partial paralysis. Usually 5-7 day victim recovers, but the wound heals much later.
If the burn from the tentacles of jellyfish can be tolerated, in the case of the above lesions poisonous fish in the first place, you should try to suck out the poison from the wound, do not forget to spit it out. Then, on the advice of doctors, it is necessary to clean the wound and disinfect it (fits a 5% solution of potassium permanganate). One should not forget to apply a sterile bandage the affected area and take painkillers. And finally, as soon as possible, seek help from a doctor. And remember that, as a rule, the Black Sea poisonous animals are not aggressive and never attack humans themselves.