February 4th, 2014

Sights Austria – Vienna

In Austria, considered the most beautiful country in Central Europe, tourists are attracted by the beauty of Vienna and the famous ski resorts, as well as the picturesque alpine village of Tyrol, magnificent national parks and "Lake District" in the west of the country.


Vienna is located in a picturesque place of the middle reaches of the Danube and surrounded by beautiful ridges of the Vienna Woods – one of the most beautiful cities in the world and the "musical capital of Europe." Fusion of many cultures over the centuries has created a unique architecture here, was badly damaged during the Second World War, but almost completely restored hardworking crowns.

Tourist, first came to Vienna, primarily rushes to Stephansplatz – St. Stephen's Square with the famous St. Stephen's Cathedral (the symbol of the city) – the patron saint of the capital of Austria. Cathedral for over 800 years. Under the cathedral are ancient catacombs – the burial place of the representatives of the Habsburg dynasty, its interior decoration just fascinatingly beautiful, and its spire is embedded Turkish cannonball released to the Cathedral during the Turkish siege of the city in the XVI century. , With its observation deck offers a magnificent view over the Danube and Vienna.

… Returning after a long absence in Vienna, each time surprised and happy about this amazing creation, simple and beautiful, cook mountain cliffs, towering and strengthens the spirit. Its history is inseparable from the history of Austria. Place building Stephansdom was behind the walls of a Roman camp, served in the medieval city walls, that is in the suburbs. Around the new church cemetery appeared in which up to the XVIII century made burial. In 1732, by order of the Kaiser Karl VI cemetery was closed. Some of the headstones can be seen on the walls of St. Stephen's Cathedral, and there is access to the underground vaults. On the walls of the cathedral and many other historic objects, such as a measure of length of fabric and size loaf of bread. Any medieval buyer could check your goods on them, and if detected fraud seller had bad: baker, for example, at any time of the year dipped into his own wicker basket into the Danube, and often it is the last swim. If you are inquisitive tourist, you can find "Frayyung" – a ring which, if grasped, who fled from persecution, even if it was a criminal, became untouchable.

Located opposite the Cathedral – the introduction of a new time "Haaskhaus", designed by one of the most famous architects of Vienna Hans Hollaynom. Since 1867 there was a house built for the company "Philip Haas and Sons", specializing in carpets, it was the first department store in Vienna. After a fire in 1945 the house was badly damaged and it was demolished, opening space flight of architectural thought.

… Today's "Haaskhaus" – commercial paradise with expensive shops, cafes and restaurants, this mirror, which reflects the past.

Departs from the square Shtefansplatts Graben, "heart", another symbol of Vienna, which focused on such famous landmarks as the column Peytzoyle – "Plague Column", or Trinity Column, built in the reign of Leopold 1 and a reminder of the terrible epidemic of 1679, which claimed tens of thousands of lives. Initially, it was a wooden column, which in 1693 completed Baroque hymn of stone, which you can contemplate and which became the prototype of similar monuments in many cities in Austria. Strolling along the Graben, you will not miss a dome covered with a patina Peterskirche, an architectural monument of the XVIII century, with lush interiors.

Interesting to see the nearby Mihalerkirhe, Sainte-Marie-am Gestade, Frantsiskanerkirhe, neo-Gothic Town Hall (1872-1883 gg.), One of the most beautiful squares in the world – Iozefplatts located on it and Burgtheater Palace Chapel (1874-1888 gg.), Building Parliament (1883), in front of which stands a statue of Pallas Athena, and the famous Vienna Opera (1861-1869.) – the venue for the annual Opera Ball cult.

Several southwest Graben and Iozefplatts lies the majestic complex of the Hofburg Imperial Palace (XIII-XIX cc.), built on the site of the Bavarian fort (1278), which now houses a number of government organizations in the country and the OSCE.

In the rooms of the palace are located Spanish Riding School – Winter riding famous Habsburg (1735), an exhibition of treasures "Shattskammer" (in her collection made in 962 crown of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austrian imperial crown), a separate room "Burgundy treasuries" (regalia , ceremonial robes, jewels and relics of the Order of the Golden Fleece and the Dukes of Burgundy, including "Holy Spear", which was allegedly pierced the crucified Christ), the imperial reception hall and bedroom Kaiser Franz Joseph.

In separate buildings of the complex are located Vienna House of the Arts, a unique Austrian National Library (XVIII c.), Which has collected more than 2 million books, music, manuscripts and ancient