April 26th, 2014

Melbourne – Australian Klondike

Second largest industrial and financial center of Australia. The capital of Victoria. Founded in 1835. In 1992, by decision of the Washington Center for the city population was given the title of "most liveable city in the world." In October 2002, an international organization Economist Intelligence Unit Melbourne along with Vancouver, Canada got another title – "Best city in the world to live." The World Health Organization puts it to the rank of the least polluted cities of similar size in the world.

Melbourne is located literally at the edge of the Earth. This lovely three-million city can not even believe that is very close to the South Pole, endless cold ice and snow. Although here and southern hemisphere, but the breath of the Antarctic is very much felt. The local climate is really destroys myths about warm and sunny Australia. This is especially felt on the beaches. Southern coast of the continent bordering cold ocean currents, so even in the hottest period of the water warms up only 21,5 C. The most wonderful time of year here Australian spring and autumn – from October to April. Summer is quite hot, and much colder in the winter. Although frosts are here very rare, piercing arctic wind does not snow very pleasant walk.

Changeable weather came from residents in the saying: "So we have four seasons in one day." In the morning it can be cold, hot afternoon and evening downpour suddenly start. But as they say melburntsy: "If you do not like the weather in Melbourne, wait half an hour and it will change."

Melbourne – multicultural city. In addition to traditional immigrants from the UK, there are very large Italian, Chinese and Greek colonies. Seriously say that Melbourne is the third largest Greek city in the world, after Athens and Solonik. And the biggest Italian outside Italy. Walking the streets and quarters, you should look at Ligon, typical Italian street. Or go to Greece on the street Brunswick. Asian color of China and Vietnam can be seen on Victoria Road. All in a very friendly to foreigners, it is not surprising that Melbourne is now the main city of the country exile. And the people themselves – open, smiling and cheerful people.

Local culinary art absorbed the Mediterranean and Asian cooking traditions. They are not opposed to each other and merge, forming the Melbourne special kitchen. And thousands of ethnic restaurants offer visitors delicious dishes from around the world. But even if it is very modest establishment, visitors here meets the inscription BYO (Bring Your Own), which means that here you can bring your own alcohol.

Australia – a mysterious continent. Relatively recently here trod white civilized man. And everything here is amazing, and all unusual. Here are found the animals and birds which can not be found anywhere else. Kangaroos and koalas, platypus, echidna, Kucabara and wild dingo. Not quite standard and settling occurred open farmland.

The British government has not invented anything better, how to turn the continent into a huge hard labor. But from the mother ships were not only criminals. Sent here in search of better farmers and other voluntary emigrants from England and Europe. Over time, the number of settlers increased, and they began to fight for an end to deportations. Convicts have created an unfortunate reputation young colonies. New South Wales in 1840 stopped taking passengers prison ships. A state of Victoria, and Melbourne have never settled convicts. So even now the descendants of emigrants few honest look down on people from other cities in Australia.

The city was founded by John Batman and John P. Fouknerom in 1835 on the bank of a Port Phillip Bay on the northeastern shore of the Yarra River. Batman arrived from the nearby island of Tasmania, and represented the group of farmers who want to expand their holdings. In June, he bought 600,000 acres (240,000 hectares) of land from the natives. Paid, as befits a white man, blankets, axes and other cheap goods. In October, another group of settlers arrived in Tasmania, led Foukner.

Looking at the modern quarters, hard to believe that history began in Melbourne Yarra Valley wetland. During the rainy season bumps and depressions town poured torrents of mud on both sides of the river. But it is a little confused residents – farmers pastoralists who needed fertile pastures. In the report of the Governor of New South Wales Sir Richard Burke in 1836 reported that the new settlement, which was then called Berbras, "has 13 buildings, three of the boards, two covered with slate and eight huts covered with turf. All who live in them – the European people, of whom 142 men and 35 women. With these, 57 horses, 100 head of cattle and 26,900 sheep grazing around. Main products are delivered with the same Tasmania. " A year later, the village numbered 500 people and has