April 28th, 2014

Copenhagen city, telling tales

This city is not without reason called the Pearl of Scandinavia. It was founded in 1043, and with the 1416g. became the capital of Denmark – the oldest European kingdom. These days it is a major metropolis, there were 1.3 million people in which most inexplicably organically gets incomparable: the atmosphere of centuries past and present, tradition and national cosmopolitanism, a living reality and fairy tale.

Kopengagentsy so love their fairy tale characters that are ready to assume almost the locals and forever young Mermaid and plucky little Gerda, and The Steadfast Tin Soldier. And it seems like a good storyteller Ole Lukkoye coined by Hans Christian Andersen, still every night over them reveals his magic umbrella. And how can we not believe in the real existence Andersen characters if the story of them begins with the words: "It was in Copenhagen, on East Street, near New Royale …"

Copenhagen called "door leading from the Baltic to the open ocean." After all, it is located on the shore of the Strait of Ore-stan (Sund) connecting the Baltic Sea to the Arctic Ocean. But as soon as this to unveil a "door", as once you get into the atmosphere of warmth and comfort, so unexpected for a large port city. Maybe it's because all the old buildings here are built of brick red-brown, the "warm" colors, and people are so friendly and talkative that they are often called "Scandinavian Italians." In short, the very clean streets, neat house very low, the Danes are very friendly – this is the first impression of Copenhagen. Followed by many others, no less pleasant, for the capital of Denmark surprisingly welcoming and sociable: Annually it takes about two million tourists, which is almost half the population of this small country far exceeds the number of inhabitants of the city.

Copenhagen gets its name from the words kobenhavn, which translates as "trading wharf." But judging from the first mention of it in historical sources, the city served as the beginning of a castle built in 1043 by Bishop Absalon. Later next to him grew village Roskill and convenient harbor for ships became a place of establishment in 1167 the fortress and trading port. Remains of the XII century the foundations of buildings have survived only under Christiansborg palace walls – one of the royal residences, built in 1730 (now in session here Folketing – the Danish Parliament). Other ancient buildings and did nothing left, because in the long history of the city fell to the share of a lot of trouble: in the XVII century it was repeatedly besieged by implacable northern neighbor – Sweden, then almost completely destroyed by the plague and two devastating fires, during the Napoleonic wars twice attacked by the British, and during the Second World War, was occupied by the Nazis.

An aerial view of Copenhagen is a colorful panorama of copper roofs, intricate spiers and towers. But to find out what lies beneath these roofs, the city is best to walk. Not for nothing did his main street – Stroget – the longest and oldest pedestrian street in Europe. However, its name can not be found on any map of the city, because it is, in fact, consists of five separate streets. And it begins Stroget from Town Hall Square, where the stone marked "0 km". Here is the Town Hall building height of 105 m, built without the influence of the Italian Renaissance. Its facade is decorated with gilded figure of the founder of the city, and yet it is remarkably original thermometer: in good weather it appears figurine girl on bicycle, and in bad – the same girl, but with an umbrella in his hand. Preview cyclist chance: Danes all modes prefer bike, considering it the most environmentally friendly and safe (in all cities here in parallel freeways bike paths).

Opposite the Town Hall is unusual fountain "Bull tearing dragon." Another fountain in Copenhagen – "Gefion" – also decorated with figures of bulls and embodies the legend of the Nordic gods daughter aces. She was endowed with extraordinary strength, intelligence and thirst for travel. Once in the country Swedes Gefion so exciting told about his travels to the King of Guelph, that he promised to give "th as much land as they can plow her bulls per night. When the appointed time the king came to see the work done, his astonishment knew no bounds before him stretched a boundless field, plowed Gefion four sons, took the shape of bulls. But royal word – more than gold. And Gefion again yoked oxen at the edge of the field, waved his whip, they rushed as I could and tore their land from Sweden. However, far from carry this heavy burden could not – the fountain in clear weather clearly visible Swedish coast, because here, at the narrowest point of the Strait of resund, the width of the water surface, is only 3.7 km.

One can not but