July 8th, 2014

Buenos Aires – silver capital of the country

The capital of Argentina, a huge modern city with tall buildings and skyscrapers, which still retained the features of construction of the colonial period: the streets are straight configuration location and overlooks the main square towards the sea. This is the most elegant and business metropolis of South America is rich in greenery, parks, boulevards and … ill noise. And next to the fashionable areas of central and suburban neighbor many poor neighborhoods and slums. City features a large number of different sites and monuments. Here peacefully coexist people of different nationalities and different religious beliefs: the majority of the local population are immigrants. Argentines say jokingly that if the ancestors were the Inca Peruvians and Mexicans – the Aztecs, the inhabitants of Buenos Aires are descended from ships.

Shadows flooded dense wave surging darkness tired city streets suddenly, almost without transition to dusk. They swept the broad avenues and streets, surf silently flooded yards, lazily flowed into the small alley between buildings. And, as if in response, the city drove towards another wave darkness – light. One after the other broke out windows, lights, shop windows, billboards and signboards of restaurants, hotels, theaters and casinos. And over all this picture of the nearest window swam weird tart, almost imperceptible odor and reached up to deluxe starry sky. And after him rushed bandeona sound (an instrument invented based on the accordion), flooded the subconscious, awakening to life quietly dozing, hitherto completely unknown forces and passions. If some invisible genius sought to capture the souls of men and subjugate against their will, extracting sounds from the most remote corners of the universe. It seemed like it in anguish weep stars themselves. Divine Argentine tango melody soared, circling over the streets, fall all around, and her second light bitter flavor mat – we were greeted by Buenos Aires.

The capital of Argentina is one of the world's largest urban agglomerations. It occupies an area of about 4000 square meters. km, and the number of its inhabitants (including suburbs) is more than 12.6 million people – 40% of the total population. But for visitors this basic industrial, scientific, cultural and tourist center in Argentina for many years associated with the tango, football and drink mate with a strange name. Not forgetting about these symbols of Buenos Aires, try to get to know the amazing city on the Silver River.

It is located on the right bank in the delta of La Plata, 275 km from the Atlantic Ocean. The first European to reach here in 1516, was Juan Diaz de Solis, who was trying to consolidate his party in these places. His fate was unenviable: warlike Indians kerandi did not disdain to cannibalism, and the brave Don went on their menu.

In 1526, Sebastian Cabot was able to repeat the path of his predecessor and proceeded farther north along the rivers Paraguay and Parana. This Spaniard somehow caused no culinary thoughts of the local population: Indians met aliens well, giving a large amount of silver jewelry. Cabot decided that the new earth and really rich in this metal, and gave them traversed waterway name Rio de La Plata – "Silver River." Somewhat later, the place of the modern capital came another group of Spaniards under the command of Diego Garcia de Moguer. Clash of both expeditions was not at peace: and Cabot, Maugeri and had to return to Spain, but without achieving much success in the colonization of these lands. Soon after their departure, the settlers remaining in a small fort Espiritu Santo, killed Indians.

But they did not remain autocratic masters territory: here was directed new well-organized Spanish expedition led by adventurer, conquistador, an aristocrat Pedro de Mendoza. In the Gulf of La Plata, she arrived in January 1536, after which Don Pedro founded on the west bank new settlement.

Originally his name sounded like which translated means "City of the Most Holy Trinity and Port of Our Lady of the Blessed Virgin Mary – the patroness of tailwind." A very territory, not to be confused with the river, the Spaniard also offered to call the Silver, but in Latin. So there was Argentina. (However, it turned out that the local Indians coveted metal exchanged in neighboring Bolivia, while they themselves could boast other wealth – meat and wheat. But it turned out only 300 years later, when people are accustomed to the name of their country, and no one takes it literally.) And a big name of the new city did not even know most of the colonists, preferring to call it simply Byres. Modern capital is a shortened version of the original name, which simply means "favorable wind."

But somehow the name of the river did not stick. All agreed almost immediately with an Indian one – Parana. A full name provided to decorate maps. By the way, the locals were more honest in this matter of the Spaniards – the main river in Argentina is different as a solid haze, like other major waterways of South