June 21st, 2014

Budapest city full of surprises

Hungary's capital, which is home to about a fifth of the state's population (about 2.2 million people). One of the most beautiful cities in the world, which is often called the "Paris of the Danube." About half of its inhabitants – Catholics, one-third – Protestants. The city occupies an area of 525.6 square meters. km. Created by the merger of three cities: Buda, buda and Pest. The river divides the city into two parts connected by a family road and two railway bridges. On the Danube, within the city, there are several islands in the north of the island of Szentendre, a group of small islands, including the famous Margaret Island, in the south and the skeleton of Csepel in the extreme south. The lowest point of the city is the Danube (97 m above sea level), and the highest – Mount Janos (529 m above sea level). Budapest – unique worldwide as both a modern metropolis, a resort vacation spot, a clinic and a major seaport.

Blue Danube … Smoothly, he majestically rolls its waters through the green plains of Europe. Anyone who saw him once again surprised the miraculous beauty of nature. And on the banks of this mighty river shines her soul, magnificent gem created by human hands – Budapest. Only one of the cities located on the Danube River, known worldwide. He appeared on maps recently – in 1873, when merged together three old cities: Buda, buda and Pest. Water magnificent river divides the city and the state itself into two halves. But part of it located on the opposite banks are not willing to give up, clinging to each other, stretch from shore to shore fantastic hands-bridges. This city – like a living thing, and if the handle historical standards, it is still going through an era of his youth.

However, sometimes his young freshness crosses ancient wrinkle – Ancient Street, Castle swimming pool, a Roman amphitheater. Here peacefully coexist past, present and future. And it does not know what kind of Budapest attracts you more – the city in which heard quiet footsteps Stories, or a modern metropolis, full of noise and lights. And anyway, what is it?

The Hungarian capital is on an inclined underground dolomite layer, which collects in the cavities healing thermal waters, which in the Buda part of the city located at a depth of 1000 meters. Fault line dolomite layer along which formed more than 123 springs with water temperature 24-75 degrees, stretches along the Danube channel from north to south for 10 km outside the city limits. First three cities later formed the state capital, are mentioned in historical sources in 1148, but there were people on this site more than two thousand years ago.

First in the Danube waters mirror the ancient Celts looked to draw attention to the features of this area and enjoy the thermal waters. Century swept in silent flight over their settlement Ak Inc., located on the site later Buda and buda, until I replaced the century-the first inhabitants of the tribes are not the Romans came. They are based on the same spot a military settlement Aquincum (literally – "heavy water") and on the opposite bank, which now stretches Pest – Kontrakvinkum. They connected the crossing. New settlers built a resort here with a dozen large baths.

He soon became the capital of the Roman province of Pannonia. In memory of those times here are the ruins of a shopping center, Meat Market, the area and the sanctuary of Mithras – an ancient deity of light and sun. But the greatest interest is the amphitheater – one of the largest repositories in the Roman provinces. Romans for a long time (I-IV c.) Hosted here, while in 896 the Danube did not come nomadic Hungarian tribes, who had to overcome a long way from the historical source of the Finno-Ugric peoples – Western Siberia. This date is their descendants called "the year of gaining homeland." While the territory of modern Pest pretty long existed Slavic settlements, so that for some time the Hungarians still retained a nomadic lifestyle.

New owners quickly inhabit the area, and in XI-XIII centuries there existed a city known as a major trading center. And in written records in 1178 there is mention of balneologic high culture of the area. While Hungary was a vast country with a network of towns, developed agriculture and trade. Its formation occurred under King Istvn, who also carried out a mass conversion of the pagan Hungarians to Christianity.

The governor himself took the baptismal name Stephen. St. Stephen's honor and still consider him the patron saint of Hungary. In 1241, all three cities have been on the road a Mongol stream and were literally swept them from the face of the earth. A year later, in 1242, a hastily rebuilt Buda became the capital, and from 1350 – the residence of Hungarian kings. That's just the city center was moved to the reduction serfs mountain, where he was