November 1st, 2014

Brussels – the capital of ancient Brabant

Belgian capital founded in the second half of the tenth century. Currently, the city is actually the main administrative center of Europe. Here are the Council of the EEC and NATO headquarters.

In the western part of Europe, surrounded by friendly Germany, France, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, is a small but surprisingly beautiful and cozy home-kingdom – Belgium. The capital of this beautiful country from the first days of independence is the city of Brussels. He seemed to be absorbed all the best, than it could boast a power burghers: reliability and validity, law-abiding, hard work and, of course, integrity.

Belgium has three official languages: French, Dutch (Flemish call it here) and German. In Brussels, the French prefer. Compared to other world capitals city is not great – a little more than 1 million inhabitants. But when you consider that the population of the entire state a little more than ten million, it turns out that nationally Brussels – a true modern metropolis.

The first thing that generally comes to mind at the mention of the name of the capital of Belgium – is, perhaps, that it is very often glimpsed in various newscasts. This is not surprising. The town is very conveniently located. Hence it is possible for two and a half hours easy access to both Paris and to Amsterdam and Cologne. Even here there is a uniform for the entire Benelux (Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg) ticket – Benilux Tourrail. Belgium is famous for all the developed and modern means of communication and transport. All this, as well as the spirit of the above-mentioned reliability and Brussels made very attractive in terms of accommodating the various political and economic institutions. Here are the Council of the European Economic Community, the European Commission,

The International Criminal Court, many other European organizations, as well as the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers in Europe.

Besides politics, associated with the name of Brussels, of course, the eponymous cabbage and a huge flower carpet from time to time laid out on the town square. As for the cabbage, revered by many connoisseurs of the world, it really started to grow in these areas, with only 100 years ago. About the same colors can be seen that it is a holy theme for of Brussels. In every house, on every windowsill is worth at least a small pot with some plants. Every two years in the third week of August Market Square Brussels turns into a huge multicolored carpet of flowers laid out (by tradition, for this can only be used begonia). Many artists and designers compete to create a living miracle. The plot is never the same cloth. All this action, as a rule, is held in conjunction with the famous August Brussels Fair. The city is generally very very organically combines modern lifestyle with many traditions and rituals, receding into the past.

And it all started a very long time (by European standards). By Julius Caesar in these places was founded a new Roman province, which was called Gallia Belgica. It was in 57 BC. e. After the collapse of the empire territory ceded to the Franks, founded the State under the authority of the Merovingian dynasty. They were replaced by the Carolingians, and after the partition between the unified empire grandchildren Pepin the Short in Europe began the feudal period. And in 977 Carl brother Lothair, ruler of the West Frankish kingdom, the German emperor was distilled II was granted the Duchy of Lower Lorraine. The newly Duke did not hesitate to build a fortress on an island in the Seine River. Was erected near the church of St. Gorik or Saint-Gery. From that moment, and the story begins in Brussels.
According to another version, or rather the legend, founded the city in 580 this most holy Gery, who turned to the same Archbishop Cumbrian. He had to cross heroically alone Suaniysky forest, to build a small chapel on an island in the Seine. Whatever it was, soon this small area of land turned into a very solid settlements, called "Brukeelle" or "Bruoksella." Translated, it meant, in different versions, or "Swan's Nest", or "village in the swamp."

Development of trade in Europe could not but affect as well-located city of Flanders. In the XIII century. Brussels has grown and spilled out beyond the city walls and ramparts. After the formation of the duchy of Burgundy, Philip the Good elect their city a place of residence. Under his hand, this is already quite well-known center of trade and the place becomes even flourishing of the arts. Especially praised Brussels painters that have done it: Wang brothers Eiki, Rogier van der Weyden, Robert Campin. Still held in high esteem remained Crafts. However, to the simple and ordinary