July 18th, 2014

Bangkok – the residence of the Emerald Buddha

Capital of the Kingdom of Thailand – ten-metropolis in which he lives every ninth resident of the country. A city of contrasts, where neighbors miserable hovels made of bamboo and ultra-modern skyscrapers, narrow streets and close fast modern flyover at an altitude of 15 30metrov, slums and gold pagodas, Buddhist temples and holiness rampant nightlife. Heart amazing country clear ocean, green mountains, tropical jungles and waterfalls.

It is also called Krung Thep – "City of Angels" and the full name of the capital of such a fantastically long that made the Guinness World Records. A colorful mixture of architectural styles in its building owes much to the activities of foreign firms. Amazingly beautiful city, once called him "the Venice of the East". It has no single center, it consists of several equal-districts, each of which is original and has its flavor.

Agree that he heard the old name of Thailand – Siam ("smile") – each of us remember … amazingly beautiful silver cat with a black muzzle and piercing blue eyes. This small sphinx – languid wise incomprehensible motley and fantastically friendly – can serve as a symbol of their ancestral homeland. Although Siam long gone, replaced by Thailand, its current capital could well carry another name – the city of smiles. With stunning grace Siamese cat, he stretched out on the bank of the Chao Phraya – "River of Kings" – and blue eyes channels rather squinting against the sun, closely watching newcomers: that is beautiful, is not it? And can only smile back: beautiful …

Bangkok city there not so long ago – the XVI century, although an ancient settlement on the site was laid down at the time when the first Thai reached the shores of the Gulf of Thailand. Here, in an ordinary village near Thonburi, often stopped visiting Europeans. But the center of the country Bangkok became later – in 1782, when the founder of the present royal Chakri dynasty, King Rama I moved his residence from 1767 was destroyed in the Burmese troops of the ancient capital of Siam of Ayutthaya, which was literally incinerated and rebuild it made no sense. But once it was the most beautiful city of the East, and now carefully preserved ruins of temples and palaces remind us of its former glory

The capital was moved 30 km south – in Thonburi. In the matter of choosing a site for the new residence ruler showed enviable sanity: Thonburi have converged both land and waterways, and to the Gulf was on the doorstep. So that in the event of unforeseen circumstances always be easy to escape from the Burmese who showed an unhealthy interest in this area. The king ordered to dig a canal that connected the two ends of the river and turned the territory of the city in an easy to defend the island. After that, there was the first major building erected – a magnificent temple Wang Phra Kaew (Temple of the Emerald Buddha). But a little later, when Siam could no longer fear that the attack would destroy his neighbors, to the fore of the capital protection: flee nobody was going. Now the river that divided the city into two parts, has become rather a disadvantage. So the king decided to neglect the right bank, and instead concentrate all important institutions on the east side – where the water a small village huddled overgrown fruit trees. In place of the settlement grew Palace. Most of the local population were Chinese, and their community moved three kilometers downstream, where the area is now located Sampeng.

Name familiar to Europeans, literally translated as "city of wild plums", because in a small fishing village in large numbers grow these trees. It was here, on the banks of Chao Phraya River, was founded a new city. During a ceremony at the proclamation of the state capital of Bangkok he was given another name. Here it is just what and could result in a state of shock ordinary Europeans: the luxuriant and long names is not no city in the world. On this occasion, the capital of Thailand was included in the famous Guinness Book of Records. Want to see for themselves the fairness of its drafters?

Please: Krung Thep Maha Nakorn Amon Rattanakosin Mahanindra Buriram Udomratnivet Amonpi-man Avatansatip Sapkakatiya Visanukkampasit. And now – translation: if short, metaphorically, the "Palace of the gods, built in the garden of the world." And if literally, the "City of the Gods, great city, the residence of the Emerald Buddha, the impregnable fortress of the great capital of the world endowed with nine precious and teeming with huge royal palaces which resemble the heavenly home and from which governs the personification of God, City of, god-given by Indra and built Visanukamom "… Does not that longish? Perhaps it is not surprising that the townspeople prefer to shorten all this splendor and simply call the capital Krung